Why is ERCP performed?

ERCP is used to diagnose and treat a variety of complex gastrointestinal disorders.  The following is a list of common indications for ERCP.


Diagnosis and treatment of common bile duct stones
Diagnosis and treatment of strictures (blockage) involving the bile ducts and pancreatic duct
Removal of pancreatic duct stones (complication of chronic pancreatitis)
Treatment of Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction (SOD)
Diagnosis and treatment of recurrent acute pancreatitis
Treatment of bile leaks following gallbladder surgery or trauma to the bile ducts
Treatment of pancreatic duct leaks from acute or chronic pancreatitis or trauma to the pancreas
Removal of tumors involving the major duodenal papilla (ampullary polyps)